Rail developments in Egypt and links with Northern Africa region
Posted: 31 January 2017 | Prof. Dr. Khaled Abbas, Former Dean of Egypt National Institute of Transport and Expert at PTA-RTA (Dubai) | No comments yet
In this article for Global Railway ReviewProf. Dr. Khaled Abbas, Former Dean of Egypt National Institute of Transport and Expert at PTA-RTA (Dubai), focuses on the mainline railway developments in Egypt and how this is linked to the Northern Africa region. He describes the latest mainline railway projects in Egypt and explores the future for railway transportation in Egypt, whilst highlighting the importance of international corridors, including the Northern Africa link.
Egypt was the second country in the world (after England) to introduce railway services and its first railway line was completed in 1853. Current lines extend to 5,153km or 9,570 track kilometres. These are subdivided into 20km of four-track lines (0.84%); 1,466km of double-track lines (30.64%); and 3,667km of single-track lines (38.32%), as well as 2,891km of station yards and sidings (30.21%). All tracks are compliant with the international 1,435mm standard gauge. Approximately 85% of the lines are controlled with mechanical signalling systems, while 13% are controlled by electrical/electrometrical systems and 2% with the Radio Electronic Token Block (RETB) signalling system.
There are 885 bridges and tunnels with 511 rail bridges over the Nile and other waterways; 58 road bridges over railway lines; 37 car and pedestrian tunnels; and 179 pedestrian railway crossing bridges. There are more than 700 stations and almost 1,300 level crossings, only about one fourth of which are provided with electrical warning devices. The network connects major cities in the Nile Delta. There is also a line along the River Nile up to the southernmost station at the Aswan High Dam.